Genetic engineering is not a new term for the world now. This branch of science may be described as the process of manipulating a living gene to generate a desired outcome. It basically deals in RNA technology (cloning), Gene modification, Gene slicing, Tissue culture and Breeding. Genetics has a wide scope if terms of career. If you’re all set for a professional interview in the Genetic industry, you need to cover these hot topics. These are the general questions asked by some interviewers.
Describe Klinefelter’s syndrome?
It is a characteristic disorder in which the addition of an extra X sex chromosome (aneuploidy) takes place in the genetic makeup of an individual. The females possess an XXX chromosomal structure, while the males comprise XXY. This extra chromosome results in sexual deformity.
What do you mean by Parkinson’s Disease?
It is a briefly described as the movement disorder. It results in the deformity of the central nervous system and habitually impairs the mental ability, motor skills, speech, and other functions of the sufferer.
How can you define ‘Fruit fly Genetics’?
This field involves various techniques and experiments conducted on the fruit fly, to understand the genetic pattern of the fruit fly (Drosophila). It is the best organism to conduct a research on, for the genetic engineers.
Explain the concept behind Athletic genes.
Genes that are reported to affect the athletic performance of an individual are termed as the Athletic gene.
Explain gene doping.
The non-therapeutic utilization of genetic elements like the cells and the genes and the modulation of gene expression, in order to develop the athletic performance of a person is gene doping.
How can the genetic farming be advantageous for the farmers?
Genetic farming basically deals with the development of genetically modified seeds, plants and fertilizers in order to yield more harvest. It also involves the application of higher technology for improving the agricultural pattern. It simplifies the process of agriculture thereby resulting in the increase of profits.
Describe a few potential harms of genetic engineering?
The development of unsafe chemical products like insecticides, pesticide and various drugs, the involuntary elevation food toxicity levels due to the application of recent food preservation technology, environmental damage due to artificial breeding etc. are some of the visible negative effects of Genetics.
What are the characteristic traits of the stem cells?
Stem cells are the immature, embryonic cells found in the earlier stages of fetus development that are characterized by the capability to renew themselves in the process of mitotic cell division. After division, they can differentiate into a miscellaneous range of cells; in short they are totipotent cells.
What is sickle cell Anemia?
In this genetic disorder, the human RBCs loose their characteristic biconvex shape and distort to form a sickle like shape. This reduces the oxygen carrying capacity of these cells thereby, raising a fatal condition for the humans.
Including the above mentioned questions, you need to focus on the basic concepts of the RNA technology. So, these were the most frequently covered topics. Good luck for your interview!